|What is throat tumor treatment?|
Throat tumor normally affects more people aged over 50 years than those ages under 50. Throat tumor can start in the oesophagus(food pipe), thyroid gland or cells lining the throat(squamous cells), and larynx(voice box). Other than that, throat tumor affects more men than women.
If the people have the larger tumor it may require surgery. Sometimes surgery is aimed at curing the cancer by removing it all while Sometimes surgery is used to relieve symptoms if the tumor is at an advanced stage (palliative surgery).
The type of operation done depends on the size of the tumor, the exact site of the tumor in the larynx, and whether the tumor has spread to nearby structures or lymph glands. For example:
- Partial Laryngectomy.
Partial laryngectomy is an operation which is the affected part of the larynx is cut out. A cut is made in the front of the neck to get at the larynx. Other than that, If only part of the larynx is removed you should not need a permanent stoma (hole in the neck) to breathe, and speech may be preserved. A temporary stoma may be required whilst the wound is healing.
- Total Laryngectomy
Total Laryngectomy is a surgical that needs the entire larynx is removed. The top part of the trachea is attached to the front of the neck which is to be able to breath after the operation.
- Endoscopic resection
Endoscopic resection is types of surgical that are needs to remove a small in the larynx. Sometimes a laser is used to burn out the tumor. This technique does not involve a cut from the outside. It is only suitable for tumors that are small and still confined to the inner lining of the larynx.
Chemotherapy is a treatment which uses anti-cancer drugs to kill cancer cells, or to stop them from multiplying. Chemotherapy aims to preserve the larynx and normal speech. It is used in conjunction with radiotherapy is sometimes used as an alternative to surgery. The specialist will advise when this may be an option. Chemotherapy may also be advised if the cancer has spread to other areas of the body.
If the cancer is small and has not spread from the larynx it may apply the radiotherapy for treatment. This treatment uses high-energy beams of radiation which are focused on cancerous tissue. This kills cancer cells, or stops cancer cells from multiplying.
Radiotherapy alone gives a good chance of a cure if the cancer is at an early stage. Radiotherapy is also sometimes used in addition to surgery or chemotherapy in certain situations. For example, radiotherapy may be used to shrink a large tumor prior to surgery. This may give a better chance of success with surgery. It is sometimes used following surgery, to kill any cancer cells which may have been left behind following the operation.